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This page contains a list of joint and individual publications by the members of the project team on various aspects of medieval military history


Books and edited collections:

Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Andy King and David Simpkin, The Soldier in Later Medieval England (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), 360 pp.

Andy King and David Simpkin (eds.), England and Scotland at War, c.1296-c.1513 (Leiden, Brill; 2012), including a lengthy introduction co-authored by the editors: ‘Developments in Late Medieval Military History and the Historiography of Anglo-Scottish Warfare’, pp. 1-18.

Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Adam Chapman, Andy King and David Simpkin (eds.), The soldier experience in the fourteenth century. Warfare in History. (Boydell and Brewer, 2011), 224 pp.

Anne Curry and Adrian R. Bell (eds.) Soldiers, weapons & armies in the fifteenth century. Journal of Medieval Military History, 9 (Boydell and Brewer, 2011) 212 pp.

Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry (eds.), Journal of Medieval History, 37:3 (Autumn 2011) [a special issue on the fourteenth-century warfare]


Adrian Bell, Anne Curry, Adam Chapman, Andy King and David Simpkin, ‘The soldier in later Medieval England : an online database’, in The Hundred Years War (Part III): Further Considerations. History of Warfare, ed. Villalon, A. L.J. and Kagay, D. J. (Leiden: Brill, 2013), pp. 19-48.

Anne Curry, Adrian R. Bell, Adam Chapman, Andy King and David Simpkin, ‘Languages in the military profession in later Medieval England’, in The Anglo-Norman language and its contexts, ed. R. Ingham (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2010), pp. 74-93.

Anne Curry, Adrian R. Bell, Andy King and David Simpkin, ‘New regime, new army? Henry IV’s Scottish expedition of 1400’The English Historical Review, cxxv (2010). pp. 1382-1413.

Adrian R. Bell, Adam Chapman, Anne Curry, Andy King and David Simpkin, ‘Cry Harry and for England’, Ancestors: Family History with the National Archives (January 2010).

Adrian R. Bell, Adam Chapman, Anne Curry, Andy King and David Simpkin, (interviewed by Daniel Cossins), ‘Medieval Soldiers online’, BBC Who do you think you Are? Magazine (April 2009), p. 10.

Adrian R. Bell, Adam Chapman, Anne Curry, Andy King and David Simpkin, ‘What did you do in the Hundred Years War, Daddy? The Soldier in Later Medieval England’, The Historian: The Magazine of the Historical Association (Number 96, Winter 2007), pp. 6-13.

The team members have individually authored the following entries in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, ed. C.J. Rogers et al (2010):
Bell: John of Gaunt
Curry:Henry V; siege of Harfleur; siege of Rouen; France: Sources 1328-1483
King: Prisoners and Ransoms; The Laws of War and the Just Conduct of War.
Simpkin: Bannerets; Restauratio Equorum; The Scrope-Grosvenor Controversy; Recruitment; Distraint of Knighthood; Sir Walter Mauny; Army Organisation; Plunder and Booty.

Below are listed the individual publications by team members relating to medieval military history. For fuller publication lists follow to their external profile pages by clicking their names in the beginning of the list.

Anne Curry


(with Malcolm Mercer), The Battle of Agincourt (Yale University Press, 2015). 327pp. (Catalogue book for exhibition at Tower of London, Oct 2015-Jan 2016).

Great Battles. Agincourt (Oxford, University Press, 2015). 250 pp. (Selected as one of the books of the year by The Guardian.).

Agincourt. A New History (Stroud: Tempus Publishing, 2005). 319 pp. (Paperback edition, 2006, 357 pp. Revised edition, 2015).


‘Disciplinary ordinances for English garrisons in Normandy in the reign of Henry V’, Fifteenth Century England, XIV (2015), 1-12.

‘John, duke of Bedford’s arrangements for the defence of Normandy in October 1434: College of Arms MS Arundel 48, folios 274r-276v’, Annales de Normandie, 62 (2012), pp. 235-51.

‘Disciplinary ordinances for English and Franco-Scottish armies in 1385: An international code?’, Journal of Medieval History, 37:3 (2011), pp. 269-94.

‘Guns and GoddamsWas there a military revolution in Lancastrian Normandy 1415-50?’, Journal of Medieval Military History, vol. VIII (2010), pp. 171-88.

‘Speakers at war in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries’, Speakers and the Speakership, ed. P. Seward, Parliamentary History , vol. 29 part 1 (2010), pp. 8-21.

‘After Agincourt, what next? Henry V and the campaign of 1416’, The Fifteenth Century, vol. VII (2007), pp. 23-51.

Chapters in books:

‘Representing War and Conquest, 1415-1429. The Evidence of College of Arms Manuscript M 9’, Representing War and Violence, ed. J. Bellis and L. Slater (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2016).

‘The baillis of Lancastrian Normandy: English men wearing French hats’, The Plantagenet Empire 1259-1453, ed. P. Crooks, D. Green, W.M. Ormrod, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, XXXVI (Shaun Tyas: Donington, 2016), pp. 357-68.

‘Foreign Soldiers in English pay: identity and unity in the armies of the English crown, 1415-1450’, in Routiers et mercenaires pendant la guerre de Cent Ans, ed. G. Pépin, F. Boutoulle and F. Lainé (Centre Ausonius, Université de Bordeaux, 2016), pp. 303-16.

‘Les Rouennais et la garnison anglaise de la ville pendant la guerre de Cent Ans (1419-1449)’, Les Normands et la Guerre, ed. B. Bodinier and F. Neveux, Congès des sociétés historiques et archéologiques de Normandie, 20 (Fédération des sociétés historiques et archéologiques de Normandie, Louviers, 2015), pp. 79-86.

‘English War Captains in the Hundred Years War’, La Prosopographie au service des sciences sociales, ed. B. Cabouret and F. Demotz, Collections études et recherches su l’Occident Romain (Librarie de Boccard, Lyon, 2014), pp. 183-96.

‘Harfleur under English rule 1415-1422’, The Hundred Years War. Part III. Further Considerations, ed. A. Villalon and D. Kagay (Brill, 2013), pp. 259-84.

‘Soldiers’ wives in the Hundred Years War’, Soldiers, Nobles and Gentlemen. Essays in honour of Maurice Keen, ed. P. Coss and C. Tyerman (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2009), pp. 198-214.

‘The military ordinances of Henry V: texts and contexts’, War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles c 1150-1500, ed. C. Given-Wilson, A. Kettle and L. Scales (Woodbridge, 2008), pp. 214-49.

‘Personal links and the nature of the English war retinue: a case study of John Mowbray, earl marshal, and the campaign of 1415’, Liens, reseaux et solidarités, ed. E. Anceau, V. Gazeau and F.J. Ruggiu (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2006), pp. 153-67.

‘The “coronation expedition” and Henry VI’s court in France, 1430-32’, in The Lancastrian Court, ed. J. Stratford (Stamford: Paul Watkins Press, 2003), pp. 30-54.

‘Bourgeois et soldat dans la ville de Mantes pendant l’occupation anglaise de 1419 à 1449’, Guerre, pouvoir et noblesse au moyen age, ed. J. Paviot and J. Verger (Paris: CTHS, 2000), pp. 175-84.

‘Sir Thomas Erpingham. A life in arms’, in Agincourt: 1415. Henry V, Sir Thomas Erpingham and the Triumph of the English Archers, ed. A. Curry (Stroud: Tempus, 2000), pp. 53-77.

‘Isolated or integrated? The English soldier in Lancastrian Normandy’, in Courts and Regions of Medieval Europe, ed. S. Rees Jones, R. Marks and A.J. Minnis (York Medieval Press, 2000), pp. 191-210.

‘The organisation of field armies in Lancastrian Normandy’, in Armies, Chivalry and Warfare in Medieval Britain and France, ed. M. Strickland (Stamford: Paul Watkins Press, 1998), pp. 207-31.

‘Les gens vivans sur le pays pendant l’occupation de Normandie, 1417-1450’, in La guerre, la violence et les gens au moyen age. 1. Guerre et violence (Paris: CTHS, 1996), pp. 209-21.

‘The English army in the fifteenth century’, in Arms, Armies and Fortifications in the Hundred Years War, ed. A. Curry and M. Hughes (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1994), pp. 39-68.

Adrian R Bell


War and the soldier in the fourteenth century. Warfare in history. (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2004), 256 pp.


(with Sam Gibbs), ‘Fighting merchants’, in Medieval merchants and money: essays in honour of James L. Bolton, ed. M. Allen and M. Davies, (London: Institute of Historical Research, 2016), pp. 93-112.

The soldier, “hadde he riden, no man ferre”’, in The Soldier Experience in the Fourteenth Century. Warfare in History, ed. A. R. Bell, A. Curry, A. Chapman, A. King, and D. Simpkin, (Boydell and Brewer, 2011), pp. 209-218.

English members of Philippe de Mézières’ Order of the Passion’, in Philippe de Mézières and his Age: Piety and Politics in the Fourteenth Century. The Medieval Mediterranean (91), ed. R. Blumenfeld-Kosinski, and K. Petkov, (Brill, 2011).

Medieval chroniclers as war correspondents during the Hundred Years War: the earl of Arundel’s naval campaign of 1387’. Fourteenth Century England, VI, ed. C. Given-Wilson (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2010), pp. 171-184.

The fourteenth-century soldier: more Chaucer’s knight or medieval career?’ in Mercenaries and Paid Men: the Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages. History of Warfare (47), ed. J. France (Brill, 2008) pp. 301-315.

Andy King

Edited collections:

(with Michael Penman) (eds.), England and Scotland in the Fourteenth-Century: New Perspectives (Woodbridge, 2007).

Articles and chapters in books:

‘The Death of Edward II Revisited’, in Fourteenth Century England IX, ed. James Bothwell and Gwilym Dodd (Woodbridge, 2016).

‘False Traitors or Worthy Knights? Treason and Rebellion against Edward II in the Scalacronica and the Anglo-Norman Prose Brut Chronicles’, Historical Research lxxxviii (2015).

‘The English and the Battle of Bannockburn (act.1314)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2014).

‘The English Gentry and Military Service, 1300-1450’, History Compass xii.10 (2014).

‘“Fer in the North, I kan nat telle where”: Gentility and Provincialism in Chaucer’s Reeve’s Tale’, Nottingham Medieval Studies lvii (2013).

‘The Anglo-Scottish Marches and the Perception of “the North” in Fifteenth-Century England’, Northern History xlix (2012).

‘A Good Chance for the Scots? The Recruitment of English Armies for Scotland and the Marches, 1337-47’, in England and Scotland at War, c.1296-c.1513, ed. Andy King and David Simpkin (Leiden, 2012).

‘Gunners, Aides and Archers: The Personnel of the English Ordnance Companies in Normandy in the Fifteenth Century’, in Journal of Medieval Military History IX: Soldiers, Weapons and Armies in the Fifteenth Century, ed. Anne Curry and Adrian R. Bell (Woodbridge, 2011).

‘“What werre amounteth”: The Military Experience of Knights of the Shire, 1369-89’, History xcv (2010).

‘Sir William Clifford: Rebellion and Reward in Henry IV’s Affinity’, in The Fifteenth-Century IX. English and Continental Perspectives, ed. Linda Clark (Woodbridge, 2010).

(with Julia Marvin), ‘A Warning to the Incurious: M.R. James, the Scalacronica and the Anglo-Norman Prose Brut Chronicle’, The Medieval Chronicle V, ed. Erik Kooper (Amsterdam, 2008).

‘War and Peace: A Knight’s Tale. The Ethics of War in Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica’, in War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, c.1150-1500, ed. Chris Given-Wilson, Ann Kettle and Len Scales (Woodbridge, 2008).

(with Michael Penman), ‘Introduction: Anglo-Scottish Relations in the Fourteenth Century – An Overview of Recent Research’, in England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives, ed. Andy King and Michael Penman (Woodbridge, 2007).

‘Best of Enemies: Were the Fourteenth-Century Anglo-Scottish Marches a “Frontier Society”?’, in England and Scotland in the Fourteenth-Century: New Perspectives, ed. Andy King and Michael Penman (Woodbridge, 2007).

‘Fortresses and Fashion Statements; Gentry Castles in Fourteenth-Century Northumberland’, Journal of Medieval History xxxiii (2007).

(with Matt Holford and Christian Liddy), ‘North-Eastern England in the Late Middle Ages: Rivers, Boundaries and Identities, 1296-1461’, in Regional Identity in North-East England, 1300-2000, ed. Adrian Green and A.J. Pollard (Woodbridge, 2007).

(with A.J. Pollard), ‘“Northumbria” in the Later Middle Ages’, in Northumbria: History and Identity, 547-2000, ed. Robert Colls (Chichester, 2007).

‘Scaling the Ladder: The Rise and Rise of the Grays of Heaton, c.1296-c.1415’, in North-East England in the Later Middle Ages, ed. Christian D. Liddy and Richard H. Britnell (Woodbridge, 2005).

‘Thomas of Lancaster’s First Quarrel with Edward II’, in Fourteenth Century England III, ed. Mark Ormrod (Woodbridge, 2004).

‘“They have the Hertes of the People by North”: Northumberland, the Percies and Henry IV, 1399-1408’, in Henry IV: The Establishment of the Regime, 1399-1406, ed. Gwilym Dodd and Douglas Biggs (Woodbridge, 2003).

‘Bandits, Robbers and Schavaldours: War and Disorder in Northumberland in the Reign of Edward II’, in Thirteenth-Century England IX. Proceedings of the Durham Conference, 2001, ed. Michael Prestwich, R.H. Britnell and Robin Frame (Woodbridge, 2003).

‘“According to the Custom Used in French and Scottish Wars”: Prisoners and Casualties on the Scottish Marches in the Fourteenth Century’, Journal of Medieval History xxviii (2002).

‘“Pur Salvation du Roiaume”: Military Service and Obligation in Fourteenth-Century Northumberland’, in Fourteenth Century England II, ed. Chris Given-Wilson (Woodbridge, 2002).

‘A Helm with a Crest of Gold: The Order of Chivalry in Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica’, in Fourteenth Century England I, ed. Nigel Saul (Woodbridge, 2000).

‘Englishmen, Scots and Marchers: National and Local Identities in Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica’, Northern History xxxvi (2000).

David Simpkin


The English Aristocracy at War: From the Welsh Wars of Edward I to the Battle of Bannockburn (Woodbridge, Boydell; 2008).

Articles and chapters in books:

‘Keeping up Appearances: The English Royal Court on Military Campaigns to Scotland, 1296-1336’, in Medieval and Early Modern Representations of Authority in Scotland and the British Isles, ed. K. Buchanan and L. Dean (London, 2016), pp; 19-34

‘The Heraldry of the English Army at the Battle of Bannockburn’, in Bannockburn 1314-2014: Battle and Legacy, ed. M. Penman (Donington, 2016), pp. 57-73

‘Researching the English “Proto-Gentry” c.1272-c.1327: Themes, Concepts and Techniques’, History Compass, 10/12 (2012), pp. 918-29, with accompanying ‘Teaching and Learning Guide’, pp. 930-33

‘The Kings’ Sergeants-at-Arms and the War in Scotland, 1296-1322’, in England and Scotland at War, c.1296-c.1513, ed. Andy King and David Simpkin (Leiden, Brill; 2012), pp. 77-117

‘Keeping the Seas: England’s Admirals, 1369-1389’, in Roles of the Sea in Medieval England, ed. R. Gorski (Woodbridge, Boydell; 2012), pp. 79-101

‘Total War in the Middle Ages? The Contribution of English Landed Society to the Wars of Edward I and Edward II’, in The Soldier Experience in the Fourteenth Century, ed. A.R. Bell, A. Curry, A. Chapman, A. King and D. Simpkin (Woodbridge, Boydell; 2011), pp. 61-94

‘The Contribution of Essex Gentry to the Wars of Edward I and Edward II’, Essex Journal: a Review of Local History and Archaeology, xlvi, 1 (Spring 2011), pp. 7-14

‘New Muster-Related Sources for Henry IV’s Army in Scotland, August 1400’, Archives, xxxv, no. 123 (2010), pp. 1-18

‘The Galloway Roll (1300): Its Content, Composition and Value to Military History’, in Historical Research, 82, no. 218 (2009), pp. 613-34

‘The English Army and the Scottish Campaign of 1310-1311’, in England and Scotland in the Fourteenth Century: New Perspectives, ed. A. King and M. Penman (Woodbridge, Boydell; 2007), pp. 14-39

Adam Chapman


Welsh Soldiers in the Later Middle Ages, 1282–1422 (Woodbridge, Boydell & Brewer, 2015).

Articles and chapters in books:

‘Welsh archers at Agincourt: myth and reality’ The Historian: The Magazine of The Historical Association (Autumn 2015), pp. 12–15.

‘The Recruitment of Henry’s Army: A call to arms’, Medieval Warfare, 2015 Special Edition, pp. 15–18.

‘Wales, Welshmen and the Hundred Years’ War’ in A.J. Villalon and D. Kagay (ed.) The Hundred years War: New Perspectives III (Brill, Leiden, 2014), pp. 217–32

‘“He took me to the Duke of York’: Henry Griffith, a “Man of War” in B.J. Lewis and D.F. Evans (eds) ‘Gwalch Cywyddau Gwŷr’: Essays on Guto’r Glyn and Fifteenth Century Wales (Aberystwyth, 2013), pp. 103–134.

‘The King’s Welshmen: Welsh Involvement in the Expeditionary Army of 1415’, Journal of Medieval Military History IX, (Woodbridge, Boydell and Brewer, 2011), pp. 41–64.

‘Rebels, Uchelwyr and Parvenu – Welsh Knights in the Fourteenth Century’, in The Soldier Experience in the Fourteenth Century, ed. A. Curry and Adrian R. Bell with A. Chapman, A. King and D. Simpkin (Woodbridge, Boydell and Brewer, 2011), pp. 145–157.

‘Welshmen in the Armies of Edward I’, in The Impact of the Edwardian Castles in Wales: Proceedings of a conference held in Bangor 7–9 September 2007 ed. Diane Williams and John Kenyon (Oxford, Oxbow, 2009)

Aleksandr Lobanov


‘The indenture of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy, 12 February 1430, and the Lancastrian kingdom of France’, The English Historical Review cxxx (2015), pp. 302-317.

Dan Spencer


‘The Lancastrian Armament Programme of the 1450s and the Development of Field Guns’, The Ricardian, vol. 25 (2015), 61-70.

‘The Provision of Artillery for the 1428 Expedition to France’, Journal of Medieval Military History, 13 (2015), 179-192.

‘Adapting to New Technology:  Roxburgh Castle and the Scottish Marches’, Emergence, 6 (2014), 1-7.

‘Edward Dallingridge: Builder of Bodiam Castle’, Ex Historia, 6 (2014), 81-98.